To the 17th Century philosopher and scientist Descartes is attributed the statement,
“I think therefore I am.”
Over against this, certain 20th Century existentialists have asserted, “I am therefore I think.”
Both these statements are essentially anthropocentric – regarding humankind as the central or most important element of existence.
Against this, the Judeo-Christian position, based on Genesis 1:26 and Exodus 3:14, is the following theocentric statement: